Traveling to Hellas
One can travel to Greece in many differ ways:
by road, plane, train or sea. Major roads link Greece with Europe and Asia.
The country’s airports provide top-notch services. Rail connections with Europe allow for a lovely nostalgic journey. And last but not least, Greek ports welcome ocean-going ships and local ferries all year round.
By plane, ship, train or car, or even a combination of transportation means, traveling to Greece is relatively simple and quick, even though it is situated at the southernmost corner of Europe and the Balkan Peninsula!
Greece welcomes visitors from all over the world. In summer of course tourist movement soars as the Greek sun is synonymous with freedom and a carefree lifestyle, yet the country’s mild climate and many attractions, along with its excellent infrastructure, have made Greece a favorite destination in winter too.
Athens has been inhabited continuously for over seven thousand years. Its acropolis, commanding views of all seaward approaches and encircled by protective mountains, was a natural choice for prehistoric settlement and for the Mycenaeans, who established a palace-fortress on the rock.
The birth of democracy
As Athens grew wealthier, dissatisfaction with the rule of the
Eupatridae grew, above all among a new middle class excluded from political life but forced to pay rent or taxes to the nobility.Among the reforms aimed at addressing this were new, fairer laws drawn up by Draco (whose “draconian” lawcode was published in 621 BC), and the appointment of Solon as ruler (594 BC), with a mandate to introduce sweeping economic and political reform.
World's first computer. A dictionary-size assemblage of 37 interlocking dials crafted with the precision and complexity of a 19th century Swiss clock, the machine was recovered in 1900 from a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera. Scientists dated it to 150 BC.
The Antikythera Mechanism, the device perplexed archaeologists and captured the world’s imagination. Such craftsmanship wouldn’t be seen for another 1,000 years — but its purpose was a mystery.
Of course, the Mechanism itself was much more significant than a watch or an iPhone: it’s the forerunner of all scientific instrumentation.
The Phaistos Disk 4.000 years old.
The mysterious "Phaistos disk," found in 1908 in a palace called Phaistos on the island of Crete, Greece.
The disk is about 15 cm (5.9 in) in diameter and covered on both sides with a spiral of stamped symbols. Its purpose and meaning,
The disk features 241 tokens, comprising 45 unique signs, which were apparently made by pressing hieroglyphic "seals" into a disc of soft clay, in a clockwise sequence spiralling toward the canter of the disk. It is estimated to date from about 1,700 B.C
For better than a century, scientists have been trying to decode the meaning behind the symbols. The Phaistos Disc captured the imagination of amateur and professional archaeologists, and many attempts have been made to decipher the code behind the disc's signs.
Archytas was an ancient Greek philosopher, who was born in 428 BC in Tarentum,
Magna Graecia (which is now southern Italy). In addition to being a philosopher, Archytas was also a mathematician, astronomer, statesman, and strategist.
He is well-known for inventing what is believed to be the first-ever self-propelled flying device known as the Flying Pigeon.
The lightweight body of the Flying Pigeon was hollow with a cylindrical shape, with wings projected out to either side, and smaller wings to the rear. The front of the object was pointed, like a bird’s beak. The shape of the structure was very aerodynamic, for maximum flying distance and speed. The rear of the Flying Pigeon had an opening that led to the internal bladder. This opening was connected to a heated, airtight boiler. As the boiler created more and more steam, the pressure of the steam eventually exceeded the mechanical resistance of the connection, and the Flying Pigeon took flight. The flight continued for several hundred meters. The Flying Pigeon is sometimes referred to as the first robot
In mid 1947, a United States Air Force surveillance balloon crashed at a ranch near Roswell, New Mexico, prompting claims alleging the crash was of an extraterrestrial spaceship. This table founded in this area and it seems to have ancient Greek writing with the word "freedom, ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ"
A Symphony for Alien Ears. NASA Invoke Greek Gods for the Mars Mission.
The Greek composer Vangelis has written a choral epic to mark NASA's mission to Mars.
The world premiere of Mythodia (first spelling) took place on July 13, 1993 as a public performance at the Herodes Atticus Theater, in Athens,
Greece, for charity purposes.
Mythodia was then a piece in seven movements. Vangelis not only composed the music, he also wrote the lyrics in Ancient Greek. Vangelis described the connection he felt between the music and the mission on the 2001 Mars Odyssey official website:
The premiere of the new version of Mythodea was held on June 28, 2001. By this date, the album had already been recorded and was finished.
The Terracotta Army is one of the top attractions in China. It is a must-see attraction for every visitor to China. It is significant because the
hundreds of detailed life-size models represent the army that triumphed over all other Chinese armies in the Warring States Period, and who ushered in the united imperial China era 2,200 years ago.Ancient Greeks may have built China's famous
Terracotta Army – 1,500 years before Marco Polo. "We have discovered something more important even than the Terracotta Army,' says Chinese archaeologist.The theory – outlined in a documentary, The Greatest Tomb on Earth: Secrets of Ancient China, to be shown on BBC Two on Sunday – is that Shi Huang and Chinese artists may have been influenced by the arrival of Greek statues in central Asia in the century following Alexander the Great, who led an army into India.But the researchers also speculated that Greek artists could have been present when the soldiers of the Terracotta Army were made.One of the team, Professor Lukas Nickel, chair of Asian art history at Vienna University, said: “I imagine that a Greek sculptor may have been at the site to train the locals.”